13) "As a young man, Shabbetai steeped himself in the influential body of Jewish mystical writings known as the Kabbala. His extended periods of ecstasy and his strong personality combined to attract many disciples, and at the age of 22 he proclaimed himself the messiah."
14) Zevi did not meet the criteria for being the messiah that were codified by Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah in the 1100s.
(This thread will not discuss Jesus except to note the criteria were codified after the New Testament.)
19) To understand Frankism, you have to understand what came before.
20) "With a retinue of believers and assured of financial backing, Shabbetai triumphantly returned to Jerusalem.There, a 20-year-old student known as Nathan of Gaza assumed the role of a modern Elijah,in his traditional role of forerunner of the messiah."
21) "Nathan ecstatically prophesied the imminent restoration of Israel and world salvation through the bloodless victory of Shabbetai, riding on a lion with a seven-headed dragon in his jaws.
"In accordance with millenarian belief, he cited 1666 as the apocalyptic year."
22) The rabbis threw Zevi out of Jerusalem and he went back to Turkey in 1665, where the Jews went wild for him. "His movement spread to Venice, Amsterdam, Hamburg, London, and several other European and North African cities."
23) In 1666, the minute Zevi set foot in Constantinople, he was thrown in jail, threatened with torture, and he chose conversion. "All but his most faithful or self-seeking disciples were disillusioned by his apostasy."
24) "Eventually, Shabbetai fell out of favour and was banished, dying in Albania."
We haven't gotten to Jacob Frank yet.
This part of the story (and the hypothesis) ends here.