Tuesday, May 7, 2019

POTUS vs. Obama on Human Trafficking

1) @POTUS legislation and executive order on #HumanTraffickingcompared with Obama. Guess who wins? 
2) Let's go back to the beginning. 
3) June 25, 1910: The Mann Act made it illegal to prostitute women or girls across state lines.

4) It was a racist law (real name: White-Slave Traffic Act): "In addition to its stated purpose of preventing human trafficking, the law was used to prosecute unlawful premarital, extramarital, and interracial relationships.

5) June 17, 1930 - The Tariff Act of 1930 - made it illegal to import goods made with slave labor.

6) October 15, 1970 - Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) (18 USC 96) - included federal human trafficking offenses in the category of racketeering offenses.

7) November 7, 1986 - Child Abuse and Pornography Act of 1986 
Focus on human trafficking not racism:
*updated the Mann Act to include males
*increased the penalty for transporting minors across state lines for the purpose of trafficking them.

8) October 28, 2000 - Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 
* trafficking victims can sue their traffickers under federal civil law.
* RICO now applies to human trafficking. 
This is major.
9) January 7, 2003 - Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools To End the Exploitation of Children Today Act of 2003 (PROTECT Act) 

This law did many things.

10) * Volunteer organizations have to do a criminal history background check
* Authorizes wiretapping in child abuse/kidnapping cases
* Strengthened law against child porn and child exploitation 
* Stronger penalties for sex offenses against minors:serial offender, life in jail
11) * Strengthened laws prohibiting pedophiles from going to other countries to rape their children - fines/jail for up to 30 years 
* Ends the statute of limitations for child kidnapping/child abuse
12) * No more pretrial release for people involved in certain offenses against children 
* Established AMBER alerts
13) The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 was reauthorized and strengthened in 2003, 2005, and 2008.
14) OOPS! Correction to #8 
This one was describing the **2003 update** to the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act.
* trafficking victims can sue their traffickers under federal civil law.
* RICO now applies to human trafficking. 
15) Oh f---
16) Let's get the name right! 

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003
17) The 2003 update is extremely important from the perspective of fighting child sex trafficking by elites, for obvious reasons.

Get them on racketeering.

Empower the victims to bring federal civil lawsuits.
18) So what did the original statute do?
What did it do?
Let's look this up and say it right. 
19) "The act establishes human trafficking and related offenses as federal crimes, and attaches severe penalties to them. It also mandates restitution be paid to victims of human trafficking."
20) "It further works to prevent trafficking by establishing the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, which is required to publish a Trafficking In Persons (TIP) report each year."
21) "The TIP report describes and ranks the efforts of countries to combat human trafficking. The act also established the Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking, which assists in the implementation of the TVPA."
22) "The TVPA protects victims and survivors of human trafficking by establishing the T visa, which allows victims of human trafficking, and their families to become temporary U.S. residents and eligible to become permanent residents after three years."
23) All of that is from the Polaris Project.

Fun fact: The Polaris Project has not updated its page showing current federal laws since...Obama left office.

"I see what you did there."

24) The 2005 update to the law:

* Established a pilot program to shelter child survivors of human trafficking (does this still exist????)

* Grant programs at the state and local level to fight human trafficking
25) Also the 2005 update to the law:

* Enhanced law enforcement tools for fighting pedophilia tourism

* Funding to treat victims overseas

* Measures to ensure the Federal government doesn't contract with traffickers
26) The 2008 update to the law:

* Required the government to tell everyone applying for a work/schooling-based visa about their rights (this is generally, not about trafficking)

* Required the establishment of a database on human trafficking data (where is that?????)
27) * 2008 TVPA update also:

* Increased protections to T visa holders 

* Widened scope of definition of trafficking

* Increased punishment of traffickers


31) "THE FACTS: The photos, taken by The Associated Press, were from 2014, during the Obama administration, but were presented by liberal activists as if they showed the effects of Trump’s immigration policy now."
32) "Villaraigosa [former mayor of Los Angeles], Favreau [Obama speechwriter] and some others deleted their tweets when the mistake was pointed out."
34) May 27, 2003 - the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 was a recognition of the devastating impact that Americans have when they go to other countries to violate their citizens.

Like kids born with AIDS.

35) From the text of the law: "The sex industry, the trafficking of individuals into such industry, and sexual violence are additional causes of and factors in the spread of the HIV/AIDS epidemic."
36) "One in nine South Africans is living with AIDS, and sexual assault is rampant, at a victimization rate of one in three women."
37) "Meanwhile in Cambodia, as many as 40 percent of prostitutes are infected with HIV and the country has the highest rate of increase of HIV infection in all of Southeast Asia."
38) "Victims of coercive sexual encounters do not get to make choices about their sexual activities."

39) President George W. Bush presided over anti-human-trafficking laws. He had one executive order here.

March 18, 2004: "Amending EO 13257 to Implement the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003."

40) Wow. They missed 1.

On Feb. 25, 2003, GWB signed a National Security Presidential Directive, "Trafficking in Persons," following EO 13257, "to establish a Cabinet-level Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons."

41) At this point, with all these laws, one would think human trafficking would be wiped from the face of the earth, or if not completely eliminated, very rare.

Obviously not.

Interesting how you can pass a law against a thing, and yet let it flourish.
45) Nevertheless, Presidential action does matter. 
What legislation was passed under Obama to fight human trafficking?
Which executive orders did he issue?
48) October 20, 2009 - not passed -Customs Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Reauthorization Act of 2009.

Would have prohibited importation of goods "made by means of coercion" including "individuals who were being subjected to human trafficking."

49) This law was an improvement because it focused on "coerced" labor (i.e. they hold your passport) not just slave labor.

However the law already prohibits (since 1930) using slave labor. 
The issue is that companies can claim they didn't know. 
50) March 7, 2013 - The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, which updated the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, focused on:
* programs against slave labor
* preventing the legalization of child rape thru the institution of marriage
51) * State Dept. emergency response provisions to trafficking-prone areas
* Federal-state-local collaboration by law enforcement in prosecuting traffickers
52) May 28, 2015 - Survivors of Human Trafficking Empowerment Act 
* financial penalties against offenders, but money goes to a fund for grants - NOT VICTIMS DIRECTLY
* anti-trafficking task forces
* child pornographers are classified as human traffickers
53) Obama also released a "Strategic Action Plan" to fight human trafficking

“We will invest in helping trafficking victims rebuild their lives.”
– President Barack Obama, December 31, 2012 

54) "a plan for victim services that provides a roadmap for aligning federal efforts to aid victims, improve understanding among federal and nonfederal entities who work to support victims, expand victim access to services, and improve outcomes for survivors of human trafficking" 
55) lotsa talk 
57) "Victims of human trafficking, family members, and lawmakers listen as President Donald Trump speaks in the Oval Office at the White House before signing a new law aimed at curbing sex trafficking Wednesday, April 11, 2018, in Washington."
58) "Flanked by victims of sex trafficking and their families, @POTUS@realdonaldtrump...signed a bill co-authored by Ohio Republican Sen. Rob Portman that establishes fines and prison terms for operators of websites that engage in online sex trafficking."
59) "I'm signing this bill in your honor...You have endured what no person on earth should have to endure and we are going to do everything in our power to make sure that traffickers are brought to a swift and firm justice." - President Trump, to the victims
61) "Backpage was a classified advertising website that had become the largest marketplace for buying and selling sex by the time that federal law enforcement agencies seized it in April 2018."
Look how @vicenews portrayed this.

62) December 21, 2018 - President Trump signed two laws into effect.

1. Abolish Human Trafficking Act of 2017 - enhanced existing laws, expanded support to law enforcement

2. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2017
63) The TVPA of 2017 provided for restitution, funding, grants, victim impact studies, & "penalties for offenses involving ORGANIZED human trafficking, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, or transportation for prostitution or any illegal sexual activity."

65) January 9, 2019 - the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2017
- ends political manipulation of the State Dept. Trafficking in Persons report; 
- $ penalties for poorly performing countries
66) Also:
- tells LE not to arrest victims 
- human trafficking coordinators
68) Prior to this: February 9, 2017 - EO: Enforcing Federal Law with Respect to Transnational Criminal Organizations and Preventing International Trafficking

This EO essentially directs the government to work together in stopping trafficking.

69) Other: Presidential Determination of October 26, 2017: Respect to the Efforts of Foreign Governments Regarding Trafficking in Persons, 2017

Calls out Eritrea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Russia, and Syria on human trafficking. Cuts $.

70) So there you have it. 
Are we there yet?
No, of course not.
But there are significant differences between President Trump and his predecessors. 
To summarize:
71) President Trump:
- Provides honest status (negative).
- Shut down largest online slave site 
- Removed political manipulation from rankings.
- Imposed $ penalties.
- Called out bad actors.
- Laid foundation for arrest of U.S. citizens who help foreign gov trade in children.
72) His achievements do not diminish the achievements of other Presidents, and it should be remembered that he worked with Congress to get those laws passed.

This is a record that we can all, as Americans, be proud of.
73) Let us unify and help the victims get what they need to heal.
Let us take the money from the traffickers.
And let us move on with our lives.